Sunday, 25 June 2017

Gulf Crisis week 3 - Qatar's camels and cows

The Gulf Crisis is now 3 weeks old, and with Qatar now in receipt of 13 demands from its neighbours there seems to be little hope of a speedy resolution.  These demands include limiting ties with Iran, with whom Qatar shares a gas field, shutting down the newly created Turkish airbase, severing any affiliation with the Muslim Brotherhood and closing the Al Jazeera Media Network and other Qatar Government funded broadcasters.

Qatar's Ambassador to the US, Sheikh Meshal bin Hamad Al-Thani accused Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain and Egypt of trying to "suppress free media and undermine our sovereignty" and stated of the imposed sanctions, "Qatar could continue forever like this with no problems".

As a sovereign nation, Qatar has worked hard over the years to develop an independent foreign policy including diplomatic and economic relationships with other nations around the world.  This is now bearing fruit and enabling Qatar to put measures in place to weather the sanctions imposed by the four countries involved.  It is this very independence and autonomy along with Qatar's soft power tools such as the Al Jazeera Media Network, which threatens Saudi Arabia and its desire for dominance and control of the Gulf Cooperation Council.

Politics apart, as a person living in Qatar, I find the cruelty of some of the actions on the ground astounding.  In my last blog I shared some of the human stories of families split apart, affecting not only Qatari's but Saudis, Emirates and Bahrainis too.  So many Gulf families are mixed and family members are being forced to choose whether they stay with husbands, wives and children or return to their parents in their home countries.  And there is no way of knowing how long this will last, given the aggressive stance these countries have taken, even penalising their own people in the process.

Last week, this cruelty was extended to Qatari owned camels and sheep in Saudi Arabia, which had been stranded at the border for one week, unable to cross, with no access to food or water.  It was reported that some had starved, others had been injured from fighting with each other,  and when an informal deal was finally struck with the border guards, Bedouin herders were told they had just one hour to get their camels out of Saudi Arabia and across the border into Qatar.  In the chaos and confusion, young camels were separated from their mothers and some were lost.

Watch this Al Jazeera video report on the plight of the camels

Historically, the Bedouin have freedom to roam throughout Saudi Arabia with their camels, moving to new pasture as they need to.   The tiny Qatar peninsula has no pastoral land and this sudden influx of 15,000 camels now means an additional 3 camels per square mile!  Emergency supplies of food and water were rushed to an area close to the border and Qatari owners arrived to try and locate their livestock, with the fate of any that got left behind unknown.

Meanwhile, it seems that any Saudi or Emirate owned racing camels have already left Qatar, removed by their owners and transported back to their respective countries during the original 10 day deadline given for citizens to leave.

And what of the 4,000 cows being airlifted to Qatar from Australia to help provide dairy products to the supermarket shelves?  Well, its only partly true - a Qatari business man does have a long term vision for his own dairy farm in Qatar and already had plans to bring this number of cows to Qatar over a period of time. Given the sanctions imposed, he apparently considered fast tracking a small number by air.  But this is as yet not confirmed as far as we know......

However, a few thousand Australian sheep did arrive by ship last week and Qatar does already have a dairy farm which was built in 1985.   Al Ghadeer Dairy Farm has 2200 heads of cattle and produces around 26,000 litres of milk per day plus yoghurt and other product lines.  Since the blockade, it has been struggling to cope with demand, particularly as the cows produce less milk in the extreme summer heat and their feed is now harder to come by.

Food security is a large part of Qatar's Vision 2030 and it is clear that this is becoming more important than ever to this desert nation.  In the short to medium term, Qatar will need to continue its reliance on imports from other countries such as India, Iran and Turkey.  And certainly,  there was a little more variety on the supermarket shelves this week as other Turkish companies started sending supplies for this important Eid holiday season.

Tuesday, 20 June 2017

Gulf Crisis week 2

2 weeks have passed since Saudi Arabia, UAE, Bahrain and Egypt cut diplomatic ties with Qatar and began blocking air and sea routes and closed the only land border between Saudi Arabia and Qatar.

 The participating countries closed their air space to Qatar Airways and their national airlines are no longer flying into Qatar.  With the land border closed, all deliveries of food and other materials through Saudi Arabia have been halted so other arrangements were quickly made, including flying in produce from Turkey, Iran and India and sea shipping via Oman rather than UAE.

The effect on Gulf families is the biggest impact and today marks the 14 day deadline for Saudi, UAE and Bahraini nationals to leave Qatar and for Qataris to leave those countries.  There are harsh penalties for those who do not comply, including threats of jail sentences, travel bans of up to 3 years and possibly revoking citizenship permanently.  Amnesty International has accused these countries of "toying with the lives of thousands of Gulf residents as part of their dispute with Qatar, splitting up families and destroying peoples' livelihoods and education"

Students are being forced to quit their university education, some in their final year, with no compensation for the time and money spent.  Patients undergoing or awaiting urgent medical treatment in Qatar, known for its excellent health care facilities, are being ordered home.  Husbands and wives and whole families are being split up and sent in different directions, not knowing when they will see each other again.   One Saudi family was turned away at the Saudi border when they attempted to attend a family funeral in Qatar after their loved one had died in hospital here.  And one Qatari widow was forced to leave Saudi Arabia and return to Qatar without her special needs son who needed her care.

Individuals are being fired from their jobs, bank accounts frozen,  businesses closed and ruined after years and years of building them.  The Qatar Human Rights office is receiving hundreds of calls per day from people desperate for help.  Qatar has told residents from all nations that they are welcome to stay and many of them are choosing to do so, despite the punishment threatened from their own countries.

The rest of us are not feeling as much pain. Sure, prices are going up in the shops a little, we cant get bananas and other items are sometimes unavailable, dairy products are arriving from Turkey but not always available and flying out of Qatar to anywhere is taking longer due to the restrictions on flight paths.   And those carrying residents cards or permits to work in Qatar are being turned away from these neighbouring countries too, even though their nations' passports would normally entitle them to visas on arrival.

This being such a historic event, a friend and I decided to take a drive to the Saudi border to see what was happening there, if anything.  As we drove there on a steamy Friday afternoon, temperature in the upper 40s, traffic became lighter and lighter.  We came upon the border almost without warning and not much life was apparent.... apart from a police vehicle parked at the crossing.

We passed by slowly and then parked up in the petrol station beside immigration and went inside to talk to the attendants.  They looked pretty delighted to have customers and told us that they were remaining open as usual but the days were passing slowly with few customers and nothing to do.

 One or two other vehicles stopped to use the shop and we also watched a car seem to drive from Saudi Arabia into Qatar.  But it wasn't clear how or why this vehicle was allowed to pass and certainly all news reports are declaring the border completely closed on both sides, even to citizens trying to return home.

We thought we might have more luck at the border closer to the UAE, so we took a drive in that direction, passing a sweet little place called Al Ameria, marked with a small tower and a well, typical of those dotted around the desert region and used as essential watering holes for the Bedouin and their livestock.  The very same type of well that Wilfred Thesiger and his Bedouin companions would have depended on for survival when crossing the Empty Quarter desert around 100 years ago.

 Close by was a small farm with goats, and our only glimpse of a camel all day.  Kept in covered enclosures to protect them from the sun's harsh rays, they each had a hand cut 'hump hatch' for ease of movement in and out without catching their hump on the corrugated roof.  A nice custom touch.

We drove on towards the second border but before we could get even close to it, we came upon a military checkpoint and we were waved away..... the only thing crossing this checkpoint was a cat - Qatari I presume!

With the sun dropping towards the horizon and the light fading, we drove towards Dukhan on the west coast to find a restaurant for Iftar, the meal which breaks the fast during Ramadan.  As the sun set, we drove past a family who had stopped along the highway to prepare for Iftar and Maghrib prayer on the side of the road.

As the deadline passes for the 13,000 citizens affected by the punitive measures imposed by Qatar's neighbours, the UAE is now threatening that these sanctions could last for years with the intention of isolating Qatar from the region.  And Qatar is saying that it will not negotiate until the blockade is lifted.  So it seems this situation will continue for some time and we wait to see how and when it might be resolved.  For now,  the citizens and ex-pats alike are coming together in solidarity and support of the country and the Emir, and I guess the only people driving towards Saudi Arabia will be crazy border tourists like us!!

Tuesday, 13 June 2017

We are Qatar

Well, what a week!!  Ive been in Qatar now for 4 years and we've had some ups and downs and one or two troubled times, especially back in 2014 when diplomatic ties with our neighbours took a step back for a few months but on the whole, I've always had the view and the feeling that Qatar is pretty much one of the safest and most stable nations in the Middle East.

Then last Monday the ground shook beneath our feet and we suffered what can only be described as a geopolitical earthquake.  Sudden and severe, with instant impact, initially causing panic among the people, had us holding our breath for a few days waiting for the aftershocks and leaving long term consequences which we are still yet to truly grasp.

On Monday 5 June, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt cut diplomatic and economic ties with Qatar, recalling their citizens and putting the country under an air, land and sea blockade.  Qatar imports 90% of its food, much of that overland through Saudi Arabia, with which it shares its only land border.  This border is now closed and deserted.

With every day that passed, we learned a little more and, working for Al Jazeera, we were more nervous than most, given that closure of Al Jazeera appeared to be one of the demands being made by the countries involved.

The timing seemed to be linked to Donal Trump's recent visit to Saudi Arabia, and now it is clear that this was indeed the catalyst.   Trump now openly admits that he spoke with some of the nations at the Arab summit about 'what to do about Qatar', despite the fact that he had been openly friendly with Sheikh Tamim and talked of selling him lots of "beautiful American weapons".

The key charge was that Qatar finances terrorism and within days, there appeared a list of individuals and organisations including Qatar Charity which KSA and others suggested were involved in terrorist activities.  This claim was refuted by the UN who said they had worked in partnership with Qatar Charity and it undertook great works in the region, assisting refugees, building schools and offering humanitarian aid in some of the worst affected trouble spots in the world, including Yemen, Gaza, Somalia, Syria and Iraq.

There are many theories out there as to what this is really about, and I don't intend to address them all here.  Suffice to say there seems to be a little bit of old fashioned jealousy at the way Qatar has built significant relationships and partnerships with nations around the world, has developed a well respected global media organisation and has grown its airline rapidly to become one of the most popular in the region and internationally, it is the richest nation in the world per capita and of course there is the World Cup!

Along with this, there is the order in the region with the scales so delicately balanced that a nod or a wink from the US President can have a huge impact.  Obama's stance on Iran and KSA kept the pot under a gentle simmer.  With Trump's visit to KSA,  he was smooched and sword danced into a stuper and love-bombed into whole heartedly standing behind anything the KSA wanted to do.  Not to mention, this action happened to fall neatly into the lap of Trumps' buddy 'Bibi' Netanyahu who must be rubbing his hands with glee at this chump Trump folly.

So now that the pot has royally boiled over, how does it feel to live here?

Well after the initial shock, the first day of some 'stupids' panic buying, and a few days of "wtf just happened?".... things are surprisingly calm.  The majority of residents are ex-pats from South Asia, Africa and Europe who are not personally linked to the countries affected.  We can continue to go about our business pretty much unaffected.  Shops are fully stocked - Qatar had planned for this possibility and acted extremely quickly to calm the population and get the shelves restocked and start importing dairy products from Turkey.  We've all had fun learning Turkish for milk (Sut) and laban (Ayran)!!

The citizens of Qatar, Saudi Arabia, UAE and Bahrain are suffering the most, especially those who are intermarried which is very common in this region.  They were being forced to separate from their loved ones and return to countries where many of them had never lived, didnt have a job, a home or any remaining family members.  Qatar has told them they can stay but we wait to see what their home countries will do on 19th June when the deadline expires.

Some Emirates have even suggested that they are ready to burn their passports and will never go back now, especially after their country issued a law which would see anyone sympathising with Qatar locked up for a maximum term of 15 years in prison, even making it illegal to wear a Barcelona football shirt!!

But the outpouring of affection for the country and the Emir, Sheikh Tamim, is creating an atmosphere of positivity, strength and loyalty which is increasing by the day.  The dignified reaction by the Qatar authorities and the Royal family in the wake of this action has added to this feeling and people are bonding and talking to each other about what is happening.  They are continuing to enjoy the holy month of Ramadan, going out with their children and showing a graceful defiance which is pretty infectious!!

Watch this space as I continue to blog on the ongoing situation and how it feels on the ground.